"A Better Way"
Domestic Violence Shelter and Outreach
National Statistics on Domestic Violence
compliled and verified by State of Oregon
National Domestic Violence
One in four women (25%) has experienced domestic violence in her lifetime.
Estimates range from 960,000 incidents of violence against a current or former spouse, boyfriend, or girlfriend to 3 million women who are physically abused by their husband or boyfriend per year.
Women accounted for 85% of the victims of intimate partner violence, men for approximately 15%.
Between 600,000 and 6 million women are victims of domestic violence each year, and between 100,000 and 6 million men, depending on the type of survey used to obtain the data.
Women ages 20-24 are at the greatest risk of nonfatal intimate partner violence.
Between 1993 and 2004, intimate partner violence on average made up 22% of nonfatal intimate partner victimizations against women. The same year, intimate partners committed 3% of all violent crime against men.
Separated and divorced males and females are at a greater risk of nonfatal intimate partner violence.
Women of all races are about equally vulnerable to violence by an intimate partner.
Average annual rates of intimate partner victimization between 1994 and 2004 are approximately the same for non-Hispanic and Hispanic females and males.
Intimate partner violence affects people regardless of income. However, people with lower annual income (below $25K) are at a 3-times higher risk of intimate partner violence than people with higher annual income (over $50K). Those with less resources are more likely to report incidents of violence.
On average between 1993 and 2004, residents of urban areas experienced highest level of nonfatal intimate partner violence. Residents in suburban and rural areas were equally likely to experience such violence, about 20% less than those in urban areas.
Nearly 2.2 million people called a domestic violence crisis or hot line in 2004 to escape crisis situations, seek advice, or assist someone they thought might be victims.
Studies show that access to shelter services leads to a 60-70% reduction in incidence and severity of re-assault during the 3-12 months' follow up period compared to women who did not access shelter. Shelter services led to greater reduction in severe re-assault than did seeking court or law enforcement protection, or moving to a new location.
Nearly three out of four (74%) of Americans personally know someone who is or has been a victim of domestic violence. 30% of Americans say they know a woman who has been physically abused by her husband or boyfriend in the past year.
Domestic Violence Homicides
On average, more than three women and one man are murdered by their intimate partners in this country every day. In 2000, 1,247 women were killed by an intimate partner. The same year, 440 men were killed by an intimate partner. Intimate partner homicides accounted for 30% of the murders of women and 5% percent of the murders of men.
Most intimate partner homicides occur between spouses, though boyfriends/girlfriends have committed about the same number of homicides in recent years.
The health-related costs of intimate partner violence exceed $5.8 billion each year. Of that amount, nearly $4.1 billion are for direct medical and mental health care services, and nearly $1.8 billion are for the indirect costs of lost productivity or wages.
About half of all female victims of intimate violence report an injury of some type, and about 20 percent of them seek medical assistance.
Thirty-seven percent of women who sought treatment in emergency rooms for violence-related injuries in 1994 were injured by a current or former spouse, boyfriend or girlfriend.
Approximately one in five female high school students reports being physically and/or sexually abused by a dating partner.
Forty percent of girls age 14 to 17 report knowing someone their age who has been hit or beaten by a boyfriend.
One in five teens in a serious relationship reports having been hit, slapped, or pushed by a partner. 14% of teens report their boyfriend or girlfriend threatened to harm them or themselves to avoid a breakup. Many studies indicate that as a dating relationship becomes more serious, the potential for and nature of violent behavior also escalates.
Date rape accounts for almost 70% of sexual assaults reported by adolescent and college age women; 38% of those women are between 14 and 17 years old.
Domestic Violence and Children
In a national survey of American families, 50% of the men who frequently assaulted their wives also frequently abused their children.
On average between 1993 and 2004, children under age 12 were residents of households experiencing intimate partner violence in 43% of incidents involving female victims and 25% of incidents involving male victims.
Studies suggest that between 3.3 - 10 million children witness some form of domestic violence annually.
Domestic Violence and Male Victims
Due to cultural norms that require men to present a strong facade and that minimize female-perpetrated abuse.
Individuals who are controlling of their partners are much more likely to also be physically assaultive, and this holds equally for both male and female perpetrators.
Societal norms support female-perpetrated abuse in the home.
Structural power does not necessarily translate to individual power.
Surveys find that men and women assault one another and strike the first blow at approximately equal rates.
Men and women engage in overall comparable levels of abuse and control, such as diminishing the partner's self-esteem, isolation and jealousy, using children and economic abuse; however, men engage in higher levels of sexual coercion and can more easily intimidate physically.
Rape / Sexual Assault
Three in four women (76%) who reported they had been raped and/or physically assaulted since age 18 said that an intimate partner (current or former husband, cohabiting partner, or date) committed the assault.
One in five (21%) women reported she had been raped or physically or sexually assaulted in her lifetime.
Annually in the United States, 503,485 women are stalked by an intimate partner.
One in 12 women and one in 45 men will be stalked in their lifetime, for an average duration of almost two years
Seventy-eight percent of stalking victims are women. Women are significantly more likely than men (60 percent and 30 percent, respectively) to be stalked by intimate partners.
Eighty percent of women who are stalked by former husbands are physically assaulted by that partner and 30 percent are sexually assaulted by that partner.
Victims may experience psychological trauma, financial hardship, and even death.
Seventy-six percent of female homicide victims were stalked prior to their death.
Victim Assistance and Law Enforcement
On average, 21% of female victims and 10% of male victims of nonfatal partner violence contact an outside agency for assistance. Of those females and males contacting an outside agency, 45% contact a private agency.
On average, only 70% of nonfatal partner violence is reported to law enforcement. Of those not reporting, 41% of male and 27% of female victims (34% average) stated victimization being a private/personal matter as reason for not reporting, 15% of women feared reprisal, 12% of all victims wished to protect the offender, and 6% of all victims believed police would do nothing.
National Statistics (sources included)
Domestic Violence Statistics - National / Oregon